1980    Juris Doctorate - Loyola University School of Law; Los Angeles, California.


1974    Masters in Business Administration - University of Chicago; Chicago, Illinois.  Graduate School of Business, Graduate Program in Hospital Administration. George S. Bugbee Scholar.


1972    Bachelor of Arts and Sciences - University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois. Graduated with High Honors, Departmental Distinction in Economics.  Phi Beta Kappa.